The development of economy always emphasizes on the growth aspect without considering moral values prevailing in the society. Looking at the fact, then, Islamic economists conceptualize that the development is focused not only on the material aspect, but also on the moral values. The first is necessary to fulfil the ideal needs of the society, which is namely al-had al-kifayah. On the other hand, the later –moral values aspect- is developed in order to achieve the Blessing of Allah Al-Mighty. In addition, the development of economy is not only to provide higher growth only, but it should also be in line with the justice of the distribution. Thus, the economic growth which is relatively less, is considered good if it is followed by the justice of the distribution. Of all, however, both qualitative and quantitative standards of the economic growth is still ignored by the thoughts of Islamic economists.
Dalam kata pendahuluannya Umar Chapra mengutip pandangan yang sangat pesimis terhadap masa depan ekonomi dunia, sebagaimana pendapat Helmut Schmit bahwa : ”Ekonomi dunia tengah memasuki suatu fase yang sangat tidak stabil dan masa mendatang sama sekali tidak menentu”. Pandangan tersebut muncul setelah Schmit melakukan analisis dari beberapa kejadian yang melanda saat ini. Dunia mengalami resesi yang mendalam akibat menumpuknya tingkat pengangguran yang semakin hari semakin tak menentu tingginya, tingkat suku bunga riil, fluktuasi nilai tukar yang semakin hari menunjukkan instabilitasnya, besarnya defisit neraca pembayaran yang berujung pada ketidakmampuan negara berkembang membayar kembali utang mereka dan -ini yang sangat mengkhawatirkan semakin memprihatinkannya kemiskinan di banyak negara.
Stock Exchange Market is one of effective tool to accelerate the development of the country. Stock Exchange Market is one of alternative that can be used by the company to get capital needs. Althoght it has been banking institution, cause of leverage case, the company cannot get the many from bank instituion. Stock exchange market and bank institution have to be good partner. Economic crisis in 1997 had been a moment that realize Indonesian toward the weakness of economic macro and micro. The great of Indonesia development result in New Order era with Gross Domestic Product (GDP) and Gross National Product (GNP) indicator was only be deceit power. One of reasons was that our national power bulit on abroad debt, even government or non-government. The situation caused many dificulties when many of investation capital brought out of the country. The market need reformation, need not intervention. This is one of the opprotunies for academist and economist for developing moneter institution based on Syari’ah values. The proof of Bank Muamalat Indonesia (BMI) ability to exist in our banking system, when many others colaps, can be capital to develop Syari’ah economic institutions. Although the total asset of Syari’ah banking only 0,23% of nasional banking asset, but the development shows great signs. As a part of national monetary system, Syari’ah banking needs to be sopported by Islamic Exchange Market.
Pada era sekarang ini terjadi perubahan baru di kalangan masyarakat Indonesia. perkembangan tingkat religiusitas semakin meningkat. Kebutuhan untuk menghapus dikotomi dan penyakit dualisme mulai dilakukan. Usaha tersebut merupakan upaya untuk menyatukan (islamisasi) ilmu umum dan ilmu agama. Kesemuanya ini dilakukan dalam rangka mengejar ketinggalan masyarakat dengan perkembangan zaman yang semakin cepat, dan tuntutan serta tantangan yang semakin banyak.
The sharia finance institution (LKS) can be managed well, if it’s done by professional people who have commitment to Islamic syaria, in order to get guidance of Allah SWT. Appreciation and society belief of syaria finance institution’s activities in Indonesia today. Bank Muamalat Indonesia (BMI) who gets the 7th grade and 13th for Bank Syariah Mandiri (BSM) of 62 banks, have given the evidence of the management and work of syaria finance institution arn’t worse then the convensional finace institution.
This research aims at knowing sub system of law about the finance based on Syariah principle in Indonesia by method normative judicial approach not Islamic jurisprudence approach because the dispute finance have to solve by civil law of Indonesia. The research shows that finance based on Syariah principle have subsystems are profit sharing system, sale system and lease system.
Shari’ah Finance Institution has developed progressively nowadays, for instance Shari’ah Banking, Shari’ah Insurance, Shari’ah Exchange,Shari’ah Pawning, and Baitul Mal wat-Tamwil. For that reason, the existence of Shari’ah Finance Institution demands investor and manager those have certainly criteria. The minimum criteria that should be owned by finance institution either from the institution, investor or manager are the credibility and the professionalility. The credibility and professionality become so important because of (1) in order Shari’ah Finance Institution has a competitive advantage, and (2) problem of human resources that indicates the lower professionalities, lower understanding regarding moral and Islamic business ethics , and (3) to increase the professionalities is not only including the skill but also including a moral commitment and business ethic that originated from religion (Islam) as a guidance how to conduct Shari’ah Finance Institution in the future.
Keyword: Lembaga Keuangan Syari’ah; Profesionalitas; Kredibilitas